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Relevant Laws

Title:Operating Rules of the Taiwan Stock Exchange Corporation (2020.05.05)
Article 13     In order to establish distinctions, a securities firm participating in the Exchange shall clearly designate its role as a securities broker or securities dealer when using the name of "securities firms" in external business.
Article 16     In the event the paid-in capital, articles of incorporation, business address, or chairman of the board of any securities firms is changed, within 5 days of such change, the firm shall submit three copies of the application for amendment, relevant certifying documents, and registration fees for amendment to the TWSE for issuance of its opinion letter, and then transferred by the TWSE to the Competent Authority for its approval and registration.
    Where the director, supervisor, general manager, and associated persons of various levels is changed, such changes shall be reported in accordance with the procedures of the Rules Governing Responsible Persons and Associated Persons of Securities Firms.
Article 21     Securities firms which have been approved by the Competent Authority to establish domestic branch offices and have been issued such permit certificates shall submit in duplicate the following documents to the TWSE for recordation before commencing business:
  1. Photocopy of permit certificate for establishment of branch office.
  2. List of directors, supervisors, and managers, registration forms of same, photocopy of National Identity Card or household registration certificate, and declaration that declaring that the person does not fall within any of the categories under Article 53 of the Securities and Exchange Act.
  3. List of various levels of associated persons, registration form of same, photocopy of National Identity Card or household registration certificate, and declaration that the person does not fall within any of the categories under Article 54 of the Securities and Exchange Act.
    Where there are changes in the business location of a domestic branch office or its manager, within 5 days of such changes, three copies of the application for amendment registration, along with the relevant documentary evidence and registration fees for amendment, shall be sent to the TWSE for issuance of its opinion letter, and then transferred by the TWSE to the Competent Authority for its approval and registration.
     Article 20, paragraph 2 of these Operating Rules shall apply to the business locations and facilities of the domestic branch office of a securities firm.
Article 23     A securities firm and its branch offices shall display their permit certificates at a prominent location in its business premises.
Article 25     A securities firm shall maintain all accounts and related trading certificates, vouchers, books and statements, and contracts at its business location. However, if a brokerage contract between a securities broker and a principal is stored on electronic media that cannot be edited or erased and the original of which can be provided anytime, the place to keep the hard copy of the contract will not be restriced to the business location.
    The TWSE may send personnel to examine and review the trading certificates, vouchers, books and statement, and contracts referred to in the preceding paragraph, and securities firms shall not avoid or refuse such examinations; the securities firm shall consent that the TWSE may query the Joint Credit Information Center for information concerning the securities firm's credit with financial institutions.
    The TWSE Determination Standards and Handling Procedures for the Avoidance or Refusal of Examinations by Securities Firms shall be separately prescribed by the TWSE.
    Except as otherwise provided in the Business Accounting Act, the number of years that the books and accounts and relevant trading certificates, vouchers, books and statements, and contracts under paragraph 1 shall be kept shall be in accordance with the Required Periods for Preservation of Accounting Statements and Vouchers by Securities Firms prescribed by the TWSE.
    For brokerage contract not maintained at the business location as provided in the first paragraph, a securities broker should pay attention to the safety of the locatation, environment and facilities of the storage, enhance the security measures of access and maintance, and establish relevant internal control system.
    When deemed necessary, the TWSE may request securities firms to provide their financial and business information, and disclose them to the public.
    Government bonds which are in bearer form that are obtained by securities firms by utilizing their assets pursuant to Article 18 of the Regulations Governing Securities Firms shall be deposited with a custodian institution.
Article 28-1     Where the total of brokerage or dealer trading orders placed by a securities firm in a single day exceeds twenty times its net funds available for use, the TWSE may suspend the placing of additional trading orders.
    Where the net worth of a securities firm is less than its paid-in capital but more than 50 percent thereof, the multiple referred to in the preceding paragraph may be adjusted to ten times. Where the net worth is less than 50 percent of the paid-in capital, the multiple may be adjusted to five times. Where the net worth is less than 50 percent of the paid-in capital for 3 consecutive months, the multiple may be adjusted to two times. If a securities firm uses a capital reduction to raise the ratio of its net worth to its paid-in capital, it must meet and maintain for 3 months the required conditions for the multiple that it wishes reinstated for its brokerage trading before that multiple may be adjusted pursuant to the preceding provisions.
    If the regulatory capital adequacy ratio of a securities firm meets the requirements of Article 65 of the Regulations Governing Securities Firms, the multiple referred to in the preceding paragraph may be adjusted to 15 times. If the regulatory capital adequacy ratio of the securities firm falls into the circumstances specified in Article 66 of the Regulations Governing Securities Firms, further downward adjustment may be made. The adjustment standards shall be separately prescribed by the TWSE.
    If the monthly statements filed by a securities firm show that the cause for an adjustment under paragraph 2 or paragraph 3 to some degree ceases to exist, successive adjustments to the multiple may be made according to the degree to which the cause ceases to exist.
    The method of calculation of the net funds available for use referred to in paragraph 1 shall be prescribed by the TWSE.
    If for 3 consecutive months, the financial ratio as shown in the monthly accounting summaries of a securities firm fails to satisfy the requirements of Article 13 or Article 16 of the Regulations Governing Securities Firms, and the Competent Authority issues the first notice of improvement to be made within a time period, but no improvement is made, the TWSE may adjust the multiple referred to in paragraph 1 to fifteen times; upon the second notice of the Competent Authority to improve within a time period, but no improvement is made, the multiple may be adjusted to ten times; for each additional notice by the Competent Authority to improve within a time period, but no improvement is made, the multiple may be adjusted to half the previous multiple as the total limit on trading for customers' account and its own account. After the above adjustments, the highest allowable amount shall not exceed four times the net worth. Once improvement is made, the original multiple shall be restored.
    In the event any securities firm falls within any of the categories under Article 3 of the Rules for Assistance to and Examination of Securities Firm of the TWSE, or subsequent to assistance, improvements cannot be made, the TWSE may lower the multiple referred to in paragraph 1. Where improvement has been made, the original multiple shall be restored.
Article 29     Where a securities firm is under any of the circumstances set out in Article 4, paragraph 1 of the Regulations Governing Securities Firms, it shall, in accordance with paragraph 2 of that article, report by letter the condition to the TWSE for transmittal to the Competent Authority.
Article 33     The TWSE shall assign a code number to each securities firm. All forms and vouchers related to trading and clearing shall contain the code as well as the name of the securities firm.
Article 40     Where any securities firm broadcasts to the public information related to securities, two copies of such broadcast shall be sent to the TWSE for its recordation.
Article 68     Upon matching a trading order, the associated person of a securities broker shall in reference to the information contained in the execution report inform the principal of this fact and prepare the relevant vouchers.
    The principal may solicit information from a securities broker in regard to the securities for which it has placed brokerage trading orders. The securities broker shall provide the information.
Article 75     Securities brokers conducting brokerage trading of securities shall comply with the following provisions:
  1. When accepting an account opening for processing, a securities broker shall first enter into a brokerage contract with the principal, recognizing these Operating Rules, the TWSE Regulations Governing Brokerage Contracts of Securities Brokers (hereinafter, the "Regulations Governing Brokerage Contracts"), public announcements, circular letters, and the regulations of the Taiwan Securities Association as integral parts of the contract, and specify the date of account opening and the following matters:
    1. For a principal that is a natural person: name, gender, age, occupation, address, telephone number, and National Identity Card number; if there is an agent, the agent's name and National Identity Card number.
    2. For a principal that is a juristic person: the juristic person's name, address, government uniform invoice number, phone number, representative, and authorized person.
  2. For a principal that is a person of no legal capacity or limited legal capacity, or who has been declared by a court to be placed under assistance, his/her statutory agent, guardian, or assistant shall sign/seal the brokerage contract and indicate the kinship relationship. All business vouchers for brokerage trading of securities, subscription of securities, and settlement matters shall be signed/sealed by the statutory agent, guardian, or assistant.
  3. For a principal that is a juristic person, such juristic person and its representative shall sign/seal the brokerage contract, and a power of attorney shall be provided. All business vouchers for brokerage trading of securities and settlement matters shall be signed/sealed by the authorized person.
  4. A director, supervisor, or employee of a securities firm may not open an account, engage in the brokerage trading of securities, purchase securities, or handle settlement-related matters on behalf of any other person, unless he/she is the statutory agent or guardian of the principal.
  5. When the principal or his/her/its statutory agent or authorized person signs the brokerage contract, a seal specimen card or signature card of the principal or the principal's statutory agent or authorized person shall be kept, and that same seal or signature shall be used for any orders placed in person for brokerage trading or subscription of securities and for the procedures for carrying out settlement, provided when the principal cancels an authorization, he/she/it may do so by correspondence or electronic means that is sufficient to identify the applicant as the principal himself/herself/itself and confirm his/her/its indication of intent; where the Taiwan agent and custodial institution of an offshore overseas Chinese or foreign national are the same person, the agent account-opening and settlement seal of the custodian institution may be taken as the specimen seal.
  6. When a principal or his/her/its statutory agent authorizes an agent to engage in brokerage trading, purchase securities or process settlement-related matters, a power of attorney shall be issued, and the seal specimen or signature card of such agent shall be kept for handling, provided when the principal cancels his/her/its authorization, he/she/it may do so according to the proviso in the preceding subparagraph .
  7. Where settlement of the principal's payment and securities is to be made by the book entry method, and where a letter of consent is signed, signature/seal of the settlement slips (order tickets for non face-to-face orders, trade reports, etc.) may be waived. However, before settlement, information relevant to the brokerage trade shall be given to the principal and a confirmation record shall be kept on file. Where, pursuant to law or regulation, the principal may effect receipt or payment of the purchase price by account transfer (or remittance), signature/seal of the settlement slips (order tickets for non face-to-face orders, trade reports, etc.) may be waived. However, before settlement, the securities firm shall give notice of information relevant to the brokerage trade to the principal and the custodian institution to be the agent for trade settlement, and shall keep a confirmation record on file.
  8. A securities broker may not use computer-set groups in handling securities trading orders. The order ticket and trading order record shall record information pursuant to Articles 4 and 12 of the Regulations Governing Information to be Published in Order Tickets, Trade Reports, and Reconciliation Statements Prepared by Securities Brokers Upon Receiving Orders to Buy or Sell Securities of the Competent Authority, and be prepared in accordance with the following provisions:
    1. Trading through non-electronic media:
      1. For trading orders placed in person: the principal or its agent or authorized person that places trading orders for securities in person shall fill out an order ticket and affix their signature/seal thereto.
      2. For trading orders placed via telephone, in writing, by telegraph, or by another method approved by the TWSE: if the principal, or its agent or authorized person places an order for trading of securities by one of the above methods, the associated person handling the order at the securities broker that accepts the order shall fill out the order ticket by hand or electronic means; with the exception of orders placed by telephone, the letter, telegram, or relevant documents shall be attached to the back of the order ticket.
      3. Where the securities broker fills out the order ticket by electronic means, if delegation of responsibility for the execution of the trading order can be implemented and the employee handling that trading order confirmed, order tickets need not be printed out individually, provided that they shall be stored using a non-revisable, non-erasable electronic medium.
    2. Trading through electronic media:
    3. Means that a principal uses voice mail, the Internet, dedicated line, closed private network, or other electronic means approved by the TWSE to place a trading order, which the securities broker shall handle in accordance with the following provisions:
      1. Where a trading order is placed through an electronic medium, the securities broker need not prepare or fill out an order ticket on the client's behalf.
      2. If a trading order is placed via the Internet, the internet protocol (IP) address and electronic signature thereof shall be recorded. If a trading order is placed via voice mail, through coordination with the telecommunications institution the caller-end number display function shall be enabled, and the number of the incoming call recorded.
    4. When a securities broker accepts a trading order through non-electronic media, and uses electronic media to fill out the order ticket, or accepts a trading order through electronic media, it shall print trading order records in chronological order, and after close of market, have them signed/sealed by the brokerage personnel handling the order. However, if the storage operations of the trading order record meet the following requirements, the trading order record need not be printed out and signed:
      1. A non-revisable, non-erasable electronic storage medium is used, and preparation of trading order records is completed on the day the trade is executed.
      2. Comprehensive indexing and management procedures are set up.
      3. Management responsibility is assigned to designated personnel, and electronic data files can be converted into print format at any time.
  9. The brokerage trading of securities, order confirmation, and execution report between a securities broker and a principal shall be conducted in accordance with the following provisions:
    1. Trading through non-electronic media:
    2. The execution report may be given by electronic mail, telephone, facsimile, text message, voice message, or the Internet.
    3. Trading through electronic media:
    4. The transmission of the brokerage order for purchase/sale of securities, order confirmation, execution report, and other electronic documents between a securities broker and the principal who uses an electronic trading method other than voice mail shall carry the electronic signature issued by the institution providing vouchers for identification and confirmation; however, this restriction shall not apply in the following circumstances:
      1. Order confirmation and execution report are conducted by telephone, facsimile, text message, voice menu system, or the Internet.
      2. The conditions for exemption are met under the Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of Direct Market Access by Futures Brokers.
  10. The order ticket referred to in subparagraph 8 shall be numbered in the order it is received. Its format and particulars to be recorded shall be as prescribed by the Competent Authority. When there is any dispute in connection with a trade, the order ticket shall be kept until the dispute is resolved. When there is no dispute, order tickets shall be kept in accordance with the following provisions:
    1. For unexecuted trades: destroy after one week; however, if an order ticket is filled out by hand, it shall be stamped "Unexecuted".
    2. For executed trades: if there is no dispute, keep for 5 years together with other business vouchers.
  11. If, after an order from a principal to trade within 30 minutes prior to the commencement of market trading hours or within a certain period of time prior to the close of market trading hours as accepted by a securities broker is reported to the TWSE, there occurs a massive revocation or amendment to the report, the TWSE may request the securities broker to collect in advance from its principal, upon accepting the trading order, the funds or securities, margin for margin purchases, or margin for short sales.
Article 75-1     A securities broker opening an account for a principal shall comply with the following:
  1. Except the following situation, if the principal is a natural person, he/she shall open the account against the original identity card and put signature/affix seal personally:
    1. where the principal is of no legal capacity or limited legal capacity, or has been declared by a court to be placed under assistance, his statutory agent, guardian, or assistant shall open the account against the original identity cards of the statutory agent, guardian, or assistant and that of the principal and put the signature/affix seal personally. If the principal has not received an identity card yet, a household registration certificate may be supplied instead. The guardian or assistant shall also provide documentary evidence that he or she is the guardian or assistant.
    2. where the principal is a person dispatched by a juristic person to work overseas, he may entrust an agent to open the account against the original identity cards of the agent and the principal as well as the power of attorney and certificate of employment overseas issued by the said juristic person, both legalized by an ROC representative office or an institution entrusted by such office. (3) where the principal specifies NT$1 million as the maximum daily trading volume and has not opened a margin trading account, the securities broker may open an account for him/her/it by correspondence or electronic means that is sufficient to identify the applicant as the principal himself/herself/itself and confirm his/her/its indication of intent, and the principal may determine at his/her/its sole discretion the manner in which credit check is to be performed, provided a new credit check must be carried out according to the relevant requirements if the maximum daily trading volume is to be adjusted.
    3. Where the principal handles account opening by written correspondence or electronic means, the TWSE Standards Governing Principal Identification and Management of Credit Line Categorization in the Processing by Securities Firms of Account Opening will govern.
  2. Where the principal is a juristic person, the authorized person shall provide a copy of the registration document of the juristic person, a copy of the notice of issuance of uniform number for taxable entities issued by the tax authorities (a profit-seeking enterprise may be exempt from submitting such copy of notice), the power of attorney, and photocopies of the identification cards of the responsible person of the juristic entity and that of the authorized person for processing. The securities broker shall confirm in writing that the account is opened through authorization.
  3. If the principal has engaged a custodian institution to open the account on its behalf, or submits proof that settlement is to be handled on its behalf by a custodian institution, it is not necessary to confirm in writing that the account is opened through authorization.
  4. Where the principal is a group that is not incorporated as a juristic person, it shall open the account in the individual name of its responsible person, and include the group name side-by-side therewith in the account name. To open the account, the responsible person shall submit a photocopy of certification that the group has been registered with the competent authority (or of its approval for establishment, recordation, or other evidentiary document of its registration), photocopy of the notice of issuance of a uniform number for tax withholding entities issued by the tax authorities (if exempt from income tax withholding, one copy of the Certificate of Exemption from Tax Withholding must also be submitted), and a photocopy of the National Identity Card of the responsible person.
  5. Except for certain account numbers that it may handle as an account without a number under exceptional circumstances for which reasons have been noted, the securities broker shall assign an account number sequentially to each account in the order opened; provided that numbers canceled in (calendar) years other than the current year may be used sequentially.
    A securities broker shall ensure that the items supplied on the applications are error free and complete. It shall not accept any order to trade in or subscribe to securities from the principal unless it completes the account opening process and the written confirmation procedures referred to in subparagraph 2 of the preceding paragraph and keys-in the account information and account number into the computer system of the TWSE.
    A securities broker to cancel an account for a principal may do so by correspondence or electronic means that is sufficient to identify the applicant as the principal himself/herself/itself and confirm his/her/its indication of intent.
Article 75-2     When a securities broker processes an application for opening of an account made by a custodian institution representing a principal in discretionary investment, the name of both the principal and the authorized discretionary trader shall be specified in the account name, an Account Opening and Brokerage Contract for Discretionary Investment Trading of Securities shall be signed, the custodian institution shall be stipulated as the agent for settlement payment and delivery, information required for account opening shall be entered into the computer file of the TWSE as instructed online, and the following documents shall be submitted:
  1. Photocopy of written agreement signed by the principal, the authorized discretionary trader, and the custodian institution regarding respective rights and obligations. However, under the circumstances in which a Chinese-language legal opinion issued by a lawyer is permitted to be substituted for the tripartite agreement of discretionary investment as set out in Article 17, paragraph 7 of the Regulations Governing the Conduct of Discretionary Investment Business by Securities Investment Trust Enterprises and Securities Investment Consulting Enterprises of the Securities Investment Trust and Consulting Association of the ROC ("Regulations Governing the Conduct of Discretionary Investment Business"), those provisions shall govern.
  2. Where the principal is a natural person, photocopy of his/her National Identity Card shall be submitted; provided that where the said principal is of no legal capacity or with limited legal capacity, or has been declared by a court to be placed under assistance, a photocopy of the National Identity Card of his/her statutory representative, guardian, or assistant shall also be submitted. Where the principal is a juristic person or other institution, photocopy of the registration document of the juristic entity, photocopy of the notice of issuance of uniform number for taxable entities issued by the tax authorities (a profit-seeking enterprise may be exempt from submitting such copy of notice), and photocopy of the National Identity Card of the responsible person of the juristic entity shall be submitted.
  3. Photocopy of the corporate registration document of the authorized discretionary trader, and photocopy of the National Identity Card of the responsible person of such company.
  4. Photocopy of the National Identity Card of the investment manager (including any deputy thereof) or any other person authorized to execute trades, and the original power of attorney issued by the authorized discretionary trader to the aforesaid personnel.
  5. When a foreign professional institutional investor, under Article 17, paragraph 10 of the Regulations Governing the Conduct of Discretionary Investment Business, applies to convert an original brokerage trading account into a discretionary investment account, or to revert that discretionary investment account into a brokerage trading account for its own trading, or applies to cancel the discretionary investment account because of allocation of a portion of the assets to another mandatary, the investor's instruction letter shall be submitted.
    A securities broker may accept orders for trading of securities through a discretionary investment account referred to in the preceding paragraph only after the procedures for opening the account have been completed and the required information has been entered into the computer files of the TWSE. In case of any change, after account-opening, in the investment manager (including any deputy thereof) or any other person authorized to execute trades, orders for trading of securities may not be accepted unless and until the documents under subparagraph 1 of paragraph 4 have been replaced.
Article 76     Upon discovering that a principal falls in any of the following categories, a securities broker shall refuse to open an account or, if an account has already been opened, refuse to accept orders for brokerage trading or subscription of securities:
  1. Persons without legal capacity or with limited legal capacity, who do not have the agency or authorization of their legal guardian.
  2. Personnel or employees of the Securities and Futures Bureau (SFB) of the Competent Authority who fail to submit a letter of consent from the SFB.
  3. Personnel of the TWSE who fail to submit a letter of consent from the TWSE.
  4. Persons declared bankrupt and whose rights have not been reinstated.
  5. Persons declared by a court to be placed under guardianship where such declaration has not been voided; provided, this restriction shall not apply when a guardian disposes of securities for purposes of the interest of the ward.
  6. Persons declared by a court to be placed under assistance where such declaration has not been voided; provided, this restriction shall not apply if the person under assistance has obtained the consent of the assistant or permission from a court.
  7. Juristic persons opening accounts that cannot supply proof that there is authorization to open the account.
  8. Securities dealers which have not been approved by the Competent Authority.
  9. A principal who has engaged a director, supervisor, or employee of a securities firm to open an account with such securities firm as an agent or representative of the principal.
  10. The principal is applying or applied to convert an account it originally opened as a discretionary investment account to a brokerage account for the principal's own trading use.
    Insiders of securities firms opening accounts for brokered securities trading shall comply with the Rules Governing Insiders of Securities Firms Opening Accounts at Their Securities Firms for Brokered Securities Trading prescribed by the TWSE.
    Upon discovering that a principal falls in any of the following categories, a securities broker shall refuse to open an account or, if an account has already been opened, refuse to accept orders for brokerage trading or subscription of securities:
  1. Any person that has breached a contract relating to securities trading, where the TWSE or the GreTai Securities Market have notified all securities brokers of this fact, where the case has not been closed and less than 5 years have elapsed. However, this provision does not apply to brokerage trades that are made for purposes of offsetting margin purchases or short sales that were already executed for the same principal on the same day, and are of the same type and same quantity of securities, nor does it apply to opposite offsetting trades made on the same day in brokerage day trading in accordance with the Operational Rules Governing Day Trades of Securities.
  2. Any person that, in connection with a violation of the Securities and Exchange Act or forging (or altering) TWSE listed or Taipei Exchange listed securities, has been indicted in a public prosecution and the case is still pending, or has been adjudicated criminally guilty by a final and unappealable court judgment within the last 5 years.
  3. Any person that has breached a futures contract where the case has not been closed and less than 5 years have elapsed, or that has violated future trading laws or regulations and has been adjudicated criminally guilty by a final and unappealable judgment of a judicial authority within the past 5 years.
    Upon conclusion of a case of breach of a brokerage contract by a principal, the securities broker shall promptly report such conclusion to the TWSE; the TWSE will in turn inform all other securities brokers.
Article 79-1     When accepting sell orders for normal settlement in brokerage trading, a securities broker shall confirm that the volume of securities in the orders do not exceed the principal's custodial book-entry account balance, provided that this rule does not apply in any of the circumstances listed below:
  1. Settlement is handled by a custodian institution on behalf of the securities broker.
  2. Brokerage orders to sell securities short.
  3. Brokerage orders to sell securities to settle a margin purchase.
  4. Brokerage orders to sell securities that had been deposited as collateral for a margin trade that has already been liquidated.
  5. Brokerage orders to sell collateral that had been provided for borrowing of funds or for settlement financing.
  6. Brokerage orders to sell collateral that is eligible to be withdrawn in securities borrowing and lending.
  7. Brokerage orders to sell securities in special accounts set up for the handling of events of default.
  8. Brokerage orders to sell securities lent on the previous business day pursuant to Chapter 3 of the TWSE Securities Borrowing and Lending Rules.
  9. Brokerage orders to sell securities lent pursuant to the TWSE Securities Borrowing and Lending Rules, where the securities borrower has been notified to return the securities by the sale settlement date.
  10. Brokerage orders to sell securities the borrowing of which has been confirmed but that have not yet been remitted in.
  11. Brokerage orders to sell securities under pledge that are being disposed by the pledge.
  12. Brokerage orders to sell securities for which applications for exercise of call warrants were made on the previous business day, and for which the issuer has confirmed that the exercise will be implemented by means of delivery of the securities.
  13. Brokerage orders to sell ETF beneficial certificates or baskets of stocks evidenced by beneficial certificates, pursuant to Article 12 of the TWSE Rules Governing Trading of Beneficial Certificates.
  14. Brokerage orders to sell securities bought on the previous business day.
  15. Brokerage orders to sell securities pursuant to the Operational Rules Governing Day Trades of Securities.
  16. Brokerage orders to sell securities that are loaned and returned prior to the settlement date of their sale pursuant to the Operational Rules Governing Day Trades of Securities.
  17. Other exempted circumstances as announced by the TWSE.
Article 80     Purchase or sale orders accepted by a securities broker shall be processed by registered and qualified associated persons.
    When executing orders to trade in securities, the registered and qualified associated persons referred to in the preceding paragraph shall wear the registration pass issued by the TWSE. When accepting trading orders, the associated persons shall fill out order tickets in accordance with the provisions of subparagraph 8 of Article 75, assign serial numbers to the orders, and process them in the order in which they are received.
    When a trading order has been matched, the securities broker shall produce a trade report. The format and the particulars to be specified on the report shall be in accordance with the regulations prescribed by the Competent Authority.
    For orders received by telephone, the securities broker shall synchronously record the conversation and shall keep the telephone recording in its place of business.
    The above-stated telephone recording shall be preserved for at least 1 year. Where there are disputes relating to a trading order, the recordings shall be preserved until the dispute has ended. In the event the securities broker suffers facilities breakdowns or it is remiss in its procedures, it shall within 2 days of the occurrence of the event report to the TWSE regarding the facts and causes and its remedial measures.
    The telephone recordings preserved in accordance with the preceding paragraph shall be construed as a type of trade voucher. In case the securities firm avoids or refuses inspection, it shall be punished in accordance with paragraph 2 of Article 25 and the Standards for Determining Securities Firms Avoiding or Refusing Inspections and Handling Procedures Thereof.
Article 80-1     No one shall enter the operating counter and trading room of a securities broker except its chairman, general manager, manager of the business department, internal auditing personnel, compliance personnel, and the registered and qualified associated persons referred to in paragraph 1 of the preceding Article.
Article 82     After accepting a brokerage trading order for normal settlement, a securities broker, following execution of the trade, shall collect the price payable for the securities bought, or collect the securities sold, pursuant to Article 12 of the Regulations Governing Brokerage Contracts, or collect the price difference after offsetting purchases and sales pursuant to the Operational Rules Governing Day Trades of Securities.
    A securities broker filing a report of delayed settlement for an offshore overseas Chinese or foreign national, or for a mainland area investor, with the TWSE shall do so in compliance with the Guidelines for Securities Brokers in Reporting Delayed Settlement and Default by Principals, and shall notify the principal or the custodian institution pursuant to the agreement.
    In the case of brokerage orders for margin trades, the securities broker shall collect from its principal the margin for the margin purchase or the margin for the short sale, as the case may be, pursuant to Article 12 of the Regulations Governing Brokerage Contracts.
    Where the TWSE has taken any disciplinary measure against a specific securities in accordance with the "Regulations for Implementation of Stock Market Monitoring System" and other relevant operation rules, a securities broker shall, on the date it accepts the order, collect in advance from its principals the funds or securities, or the margin for margin purchases, or the margin for short sales.
    Where a securities broker believes that there are any defect on the rights of the securities delivered by its principal for sale or there is legal dispute or other doubtful matter, it may decline to sell such securities; provided that the above shall not be applicable where its principal has provided adequate collateral as approved by the securities broker.
Article 85     A securities broker shall not accept any discretionary order to decide the type, volume, price or purchase or sale of securities on behalf of its principal.
    A securities broker shall not purchase or resell for its own profit any securities it has accepted an order to trade, or guarantee to share profits with its principals, or accept trading orders by installment payments.
    When recommending its principals or on website to buy or sell securities, a securities broker shall comply with the "Regulations Governing Securities Brokers' Practice on Recommending Principals to Buy and Sell Securities" as stipulated by the TWSE.
    The website provided by securities brokers shall show, in a conspicuous manner, the risk disclosure statement and the alternative to be adopted in case of inability to execute electronic transmission, and the most up-to-date information shall be transmitted. The securities brokers shall carefully select hyperlink websites, and shall be responsible for the supervision and administration of their associates' use of electronic mail, group electronic mail, bulletin board system, website, etc. in activities associated with business operations.
Article 87     A securities broker that has made a mistake when executing a trade shall report the out-trade and/or correct the account number in accordance with the TWSE Directions for the Handling of Out-Trades and Correction of Account Numbers by Securities Brokers.
    A securities broker shall open a segregated error account in its own name, and shall assign it with an account number and fill its company profit seeking enterprise uniform invoice number therein, and said segregated error account shall be treated in the same manner as the account of its principals. All trades transacted through the said segregated error account shall be deemed as ordinary trades, for which securities transaction tax shall be paid. Gains and losses resulted from the said segregated error account shall be handled in accordance with the Principles Governing the Preparation of Financial Reports by Securities Firms.
Article 93     Before the principal settles the debt arising out of the brokerage trade, a securities broker may retain the property received from the principal and the sum payable to the principal in connection with the brokerage trade.
    A securities broker shall prepare and send to each of its principals a monthly reconciliation statement; provided that the above shall not apply to case where there has not been any trade in that particular month and the principal does not request in writing for the statement.
    The format and particulars to be specified in the statement referred to in the preceding paragraph shall be in accordance with the regulations prescribed by the Competent Authority.