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Relevant Laws

Title:Operating Rules of the Taiwan Stock Exchange Corporation (2021.01.29)
Article 49-4      The ratio of net worth to share capital stated in the financial reports as referred to in Articles 49 to 49-3 shall be calculated as set forth below:
  1. If the cost of shares bought back by a TWSE listed company under Article 28-2 of the Securities and Exchange Act or by a TWSE primary listed company under Article 28-2 applied mutatis mutandis under Article 165 of the Securities and Exchange Act or of shares held in the listed company by its subsidiaries are classified as a deduction from the equity attributable to owners of the parent, then the par value of the treasury stock of the listed company held by the listed company and its subsidiaries shall be deducted from the share capital stated in the financial reports in the calculation of the above-stated ratio.

  2. If share capital collected in advance or share capital awaiting retirement are classified as an addition to or deduction from the equity attributable to owners of the parent, the par value of the relevant shares shall be added to or deducted from the share capital in the calculation of the above-stated ratio.
  3. If a circumstance in the two preceding subparagraphs applies to a primary listed company whose shares have no par value or a par value other than NT$10, the total amount of treasury stock of the listed company held by the listed company and its subsidiaries, the total amount of share capital collected in advance, and the toal amount of share capital awaiting retirement, shall be added to or deducted from the sum of the share capital plus capital reserves minus the original issue premium.
    The term "share capital" in Chapter IV, for a TWSE listed company whose stock has no par value or a par value per share other than NT$10, means the sum of the share capital plus capital reserves minus the original issue premium.
Article 53-2     Where a TWSE listed company merges with a company that is neither listed on the TWSE nor on the Taipei Exchange, by using as consideration a follow-on issue (whether by public offering and issuance or private placement) of shares or securities that may be converted into or may be used to subscribe shares, and the surviving company after the merger remains a TWSE listed company, except in the case of a securities, financial, or insurance company with special approval from the authority in charge of the industry concerned or where the TWSE listed company merges with a subsidiary of which it holds 90 percent or more of the outstanding shares, all the following conditions shall be met by the company that is neither listed on the TWSE nor on the Taipei Exchange:
  1. The financial data of the merged company that is neither listed on the TWSE nor the Taipei Exchange and the consolidated financial data of the merging and merged companies satisfy the profitability requirements of TWSE listed companies enumerated in Article 4 of the TWSE Rules Governing the Review of Securities Listings; provided, the above shall not apply under either of the following circumstances:
    1. The net worth per share of the surviving company, both in the most recent financial year and on the most recent pro forma financial report, is higher than the net worth per share of the original TWSE listed company. Where the above proviso is satisfied, if the TWSE listed company or the merged company that is neither TWSE listed nor Taipei Exchange listed, from the date next following the date of the balance sheet in the most recent financial report to the date the application is filed with the TWSE, undergoes any material change in capital affecting the net worth per share, such as a capital increase or reduction or distribution of dividends, the net worth per share of the surviving company shall be higher than the net worth per share of the original TWSE listed company, and the attesting CPA shall submit a review opinion following the imputed adjustment.
    2. An express opinion of the Industrial Development Bureau, Ministry of Economic Affairs is obtained concluding that the merger will improve synergy effectively.
  2. The merged company that is neither listed on the TWSE nor the Taipei Exchange is free of the circumstances specified in Article 9, paragraph 1, subparagraphs 1, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, and 12 of the TWSE Rules Governing the Review of Securities Listings.
  3. The most recent annual financial reports of the merged company that is neither listed on the TWSE nor the Taipei Exchange have been audited by a CPA approved by the Competent Authority to perform auditing and attestation of financial reports of public companies, and the auditor issues an unqualified opinion.
    Where a TWSE listed company merges with a foreign company meeting the conditions set forth in the Business Mergers and Acquisitions Act, the foreign company, unless it is a TWSE (or Taipei Exchange) primary listed company or TWSE (or Taipei Exchange) secondary listed company, or its stock is listed and traded on the main board of an overseas securities market approved by the Competent Authority, or it is a subsidairy of which the TWSE listed company holds 90 percent or more of the outstanding shares, shall comply with the provisions of Article 53-3, paragraph 1, subparagraph 2, and the TWSE listed company additionally shall submit the following documents:
  1. Documentation of foreign investment approval by the Ministry of Economic Affairs Investment Commission.
  2. An opinion by a Taiwan CPA regarding the differences in accounting principles applied in the Republic of China (Taiwan) and in the foreign company's home country and the resultant effects on the financial report.
  3. A written report analyzing and explaining the reasonableness of the share exchange ratio and price and overall synergy at the time of the merger between the TWSE listed company and the foreign company, issued by a CPA other than the original attesting CPA who is approved by the Competent Authority to perform auditing and attestation of financial reports of public companies.
    For the purposes of this chapter, an overseas securities market approved by the competent authority is as defined in Article 23 of the Supplementary Provisions to the Taiwan Stock Exchange Corporation Rules for Review of Securities Listings.
Article 53-10     Where a TWSE listed company, pursuant to Article 27 of the Business Merger and Acquisition Act, undergoes a general assignment, or pursuant to Article 185, paragraph 1, subparagraph 2 of the Company Act or other laws or regulations, assigns business or assets, it shall, at least 30 business days prior to the assignment record date, file the application with the TWSE, and may remain listed if all required documents have been submitted to the TWSE, and, after review by the administering department, none of the following conditions is found:
  1. The pro forma operating revenue or operating income as stated in the pro forma financial statements audited by a CPA, excluding the business or assets under assignment, for each of the most recent 2 accounting years, has declined by 50 percent or more, compared with the operating revenue (including discontinued operations) or operating income (including discontinued operations) as stated in the financial statements of the same period.
  2. The pro forma operating loss as stated in the pro forma financial statements audited by a CPA, excluding the business or assets under assignment, for each of the most recent 2 accounting years is greater than the operating loss (including discontinued operations) as stated on the financial statements of the same period.
    Where pursuant to the preceding paragraph a TWSE listed company establishes an investment holding company, and the said investment holding company complies with Article 20, paragraph 1, subparagraphs 1, 2, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9 and 11 of the TWSE Rules Governing Review of Securities Listings and holds 100 percent of the transferee company's shares, the listing may be continued and the provisions of paragraphs 1 and 2 of the preceding paragraph shall not apply, and an application shall be filed with the TWSE for amendment to the content of listed securities pursuant to Article 45.
     The financial reports referred to in the subparagraphs of paragraph 1 mean parent company only financial reports, or if the company does not have any subsidiary, mean individual financial reports.
Article 53-19     If a TWSE listed company that has carried out a demerger of one or more departments capable of operating independently pursuant to applicable law wishes to continue listed trading of its TWSE listed securities, or if the existing company or newly incorporated company that acquired the business of the aforesaid department(s) after the demerger (the "transferee company of the demerger") wishes to list its securities for trading, the company shall without exception comply with the provisions of this Article, and shall carry out applicable procedures for a company demerger and for TWSE listing.
    The provisions of the preceding paragraph shall also apply where a single TWSE listed company demerges simultaneously into multiple transferee companies of the demerger, or multiple TWSE listed companies carry out demergers simultaneously to a single transferee company of the demergers.
    A TWSE listed company to which any circumstance set forth in paragraph 1 or paragraph 2 applies shall apply to the TWSE at least 30 business days before the record date of the demerger. Where the TWSE has inspected all the documents submitted by the company for completeness and its administering department has examined them and found them to be free of all of the [negative] criteria set out in the subparagraphs below, the company may continue to be listed:
  1. The pro forma operating revenue (including discontinued operations) or pro forma operating income (including discontinued operations) as shown on the pro forma financial statements for each of the most recent 2 accounting years excluding the financial data for the demerged department(s) and audited by a CPA, is down by 50 percent or more from the operating revenue or the operating income shown on the financial statements for the same period.
  2. The pro forma operating loss (including discontinued operations) as shown on the pro forma financial statements for each of the most recent 2 accounting years excluding financial data for the demerged department(s) and audited by a CPA, is greater than the operating loss shown on the financial statements for the same period.
    When a TWSE listed company to which any circumstance set forth in paragraph 1 or paragraph 2 applies files an application for continuation of listing, it shall submit an opinion of an independent expert on the share exchange ratio for the demerger, the reasonableness of the acquisition price, and the effect on the shareholders' equity of the TWSE listed company.
    Except under any of the circumstances listed below, a TWSE listed company to which any circumstance set forth in paragraph 1 or 2 applies shall file to carry out the procedures for the demerger and the capital reduction and issuance of new securities certificates as a consolidated case. The trading of its listed securities shall be suspended two trading days prior to the book closure date and such suspension shall continue until the expiration of the book closure period, during which period the company shall have completed the procedures for issuing the new securities certificates in accordance with Article 45 and points 1, 2, and 3 of the Procedures for the Exchange of Securities Certificates by Listed Companies:
  1. Where a TWSE listed company demerges but does not carry out a capital reduction, and issue of replacement shares is unnecessary.
  2. Where the demerger of the TWSE listed company does not involve subsequent confirmation of the shareholder register, or there is no difference in shareholder equity before and after the record date of the share transfer book closure, and suspension of margin purchase and short sale or compulsory covering of short sale positions are unnecessary.
     The financial reports referred to in the subparagraphs of paragraph 3 mean parent company only financial reports, or if the company does not have any subsidiary, mean individual financial reports.