When the audit or review by a CPA making a listing application for a company applying for initial stock listing of the internal control system review reports, financial reports or financial forecasts attached to the application is discovered to be deficient under any of the following circumstances, the TWSE may impose dispositions on the CPA in accordance with Article 3:
- The contents of the financial reports of the company applying for stock listing do not follow the Regulations Governing the Preparation of Financial Reports by Securities Issuers, Regulations Governing the Preparation of Financial Reports by Securities Firms, generally accepted accounting principles, or related laws and regulations, or established practices, or if the consolidated financial reports submitted by a foreign issuer applying for a primary stock listing or Taiwan Innovation Board (TIB) primary listing do not follow Articles 28-3, paragraphs 3 and 4 or Article 29, paragraph 7 of the Rules Governing Review of Securities Listings or Article 4-1, paragraph 1, subparagraph 1, item 3 of the Operational Procedures for the Review of Foreign Securities Listing of the TWSE, thus resulting in errors or inaccuracy to the extent the amount affected reaches the amount specified in Article 6, paragraph 1, subparagraph 1 of the Securities and Exchange Act Enforcement Rules but is not disclosed.
- Failure to disclose the facts which shall be disclosed in the financial reports of the company applying for stock listing, and the failure is potentially misleading but is not disclosed.
- Failure to conduct the audit in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards or the Regulations Governing Auditing and Attestation of Financial Statements by Certified Public Accountants.
- Failure to follow the Financial Forecast Review Guidelines when reviewing the listing applicant company's financial forecasts.
- Failure to indicate the failure of the applicant company to follow the Regulations Governing Establishment of Internal Control Systems by Public Companies or related directives.
- Failure of the CPA to conduct the required audit procedure in accordance with the Regulations Governing Establishment of Internal Control Systems by Public Companies.
- Failure of the CPA to issue an appropriate internal control system review reports in accordance with the Regulations Governing Establishment of Internal Control Systems by Public Companies.
- Deficiencies in the written supplementary information issued during the period of review of the listing application in regard to the internal control system review reports, financial reports or financial forecasts.
- Other deficiencies identified by the TWSE.
If any of the circumstances under the subparagraphs of the preceding article applies to the CPA, the TWSE must request the CPA to provide a written explanation with regard to the circumstances concerned, and submit said explanation together with information on the deficiency to the the administering department of the TWSE for approval. The TWSE may then impose any of the following dispositions on the CPA depending on the severity of the violation:
If the Securities Listing Review Committee decides to reject the CPA-attested financial reports of the listing applicant company for a certain period, the TWSE will reject the listing applicant company’s attested financial reports for two to six months from the first day of the month following the date of public announcement and will further report to the competent authority for disciplinary action to be taken.
- request the CPA in writing to rectify
- make a public announcement of the CPA’s deficiency as discovered by the TWSE and report to the competent authority
- submit to the Securities Listing Review Committee to deliberate on whether to reject the the financial reports of the listing applicant company that have been attested by the CPAs for a certain period
If the public company’s financial reports having been audited and attested, or reviewed, by the CPA contain false information or if information is withheld from said reports, the TWSE may request, with relevant evidence presented, the Securities and Futures Investors Protection Center to take action accordingly.